This section outlines guidelines for manuscript preparation:
Submit your manuscript as an electronic file in MS Word format. PDF files are not acceptable for initial submission.
Use a serif typeface, such as Times New Roman, size 12, with 1.5-line spacing for the body of your manuscript.
Normal margins should be used, with at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) on each side of the document.
The length of manuscripts may vary by article type. Refer to the specific article type guidelines for word count limits.
The title of the manuscript should be concise, accurately reflecting the article's content.
Author's Information and Acknowledgements
The names of all authors who have significantly contributed to the manuscript should be provided in the order in which authors would like them to publish. The following details are mandatory for each author:
- Author Name
- Email Address (preferably institutional)
We act in compliance with the standards defined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and fully support the transparent application of ethical standards on published work. Contributors who do not meet authorship criteria should be acknowledged separately. All authors must confirm their contributions. For details on authorship criteria, consult the ICMJE Recommendations.
Authors may submit a brief professional biography (up to 100 words) in a separate MS Word file. This is optional but recommended.
Disclose any research funding received, specifying the funder's role in the study.
Conflict of Interest
JSHS requires authors to include a statement of conflicts of interest on the title page of the manuscript. This statement should declare any financial or non-financial competing interests related to the work presented in the manuscript. If there are no conflicts, state:
Conflict of Interest: The author(s) declare(s) no conflicts of interest.
Availability of Data
Authors should include a statement in the manuscript regarding data availability. If authors opt not to share their data, they are required to provide a rationale for this choice (see Editorial Policy for Data Sharing).
Abstract or Extract
The abstract should be written in an unstructured format following the pattern of a structured abstract (background & objectives, methods, results, and conclusions). The word count limit differs depending on the type of article being submitted; authors are encouraged to review the specific guidelines for each article category for word count requirements.
Graphical Abstracts (optional)
JSHS encourages authors to submit a graphical abstract alongside their article. This graphical abstract serves as a visual summary of the article's key findings and can be either a significant figure from the article itself or one created specifically for this purpose. The inclusion of a graphical abstract aids in providing readers with a rapid understanding of the article's essence. The graphical abstract is featured exclusively in the HTML version of the article. Upon acceptance of the article, authors will receive specific instructions on how to create the graphical abstract.
Authors are encouraged to select up to seven keywords that reflect the core theme of their manuscript. These keywords play a crucial role in indexing the article and enhancing its visibility. Should the manuscript be accepted for publication, some keywords may be modified or replaced to align with global publication standards, ensuring the article's consistency across various platforms.
Authors are encouraged to use headings up to the fourth level to ensure the manuscript is organized clearly. The formatting for these headings should adhere to the following guidelines:
- First-level headings should be presented in bold type.
- Second-level headings should appear in bold and italic type.
- Third-level headings should be formatted in italic type.
- Fourth-level headings should be italicized and placed at the beginning of a paragraph, directly followed by a colon (:).
JSHS discourages the use of footnotes in manuscripts. Authors should incorporate any supplementary information or clarifications directly into the article's text. Nonetheless, footnotes may be used within tables as necessary.
Authors are required to insert all figures directly into the text, close to their initial mention within the manuscript. Each figure should be accompanied by a clear, brief caption and sequentially numbered using Arabic numerals (e.g., Figure 1, Figure 2). These figures must be cited appropriately within the text. JSHS accepts both greyscale and high-resolution color figures, ensuring that all text and numerals are easily readable. Authors must be prepared to supply figures in one of the approved file formats (JPEG, TIFF, GIF, AI, XLS, XLSX, DOC, DOCX) and may be requested to submit figures in a specific format upon acceptance.
Tables should be embedded within the main manuscript text and provided in an editable format rather than as images. Each table must be sequentially numbered with Roman numerals and include a concise, descriptive title (e.g., Table 1: Summary of Results). The table's number and title should appear above the table itself, and references to the table should be made within the manuscript's text. Annotations or notes related to the table should be listed at its end, with superscripts or asterisks linking the notes to relevant table entries. Tables should offer new information and not merely repeat data already described in the text.
JSHS adheres to the Vancouver referencing style for both citations within the text and the reference list. Authors must ensure that every citation in the manuscript is reflected in the reference list (and vice versa) and that all references are accurate, complete, and consistently formatted. In-text citations should be denoted by Arabic numerals within square brackets (e.g., , [6, 7]) and listed sequentially from the first citation. References in the reference list should also be numbered in square brackets and ordered according to their appearance in the text. The abstract should not contain references.
Authors may format their references using the provided examples:
For Journals (print or online)
- Author AA Author BB, Author CC. Title of article. Abbreviated title of the journal. Year of publication;volume number(issue number):page numbers.
- Khaliq IH, Mahmood HZ, Akhter N, Sarfraz MD, Asim K, Gondal KM. Comparison of two public sector tertiary care hospitals' management in reducing direct medical cost burden on breast carcinoma patients in Lahore, Pakistan. J BUON. 2018;23(1):143-9.
If the article has more than six authors, list the first six followed by "et al." For online articles, include the date of issue (DOI) at the end of the reference.
- Khaliq IH, Khaliq FH, Abdullah Y, Mahmood HZ, Sarfraz MD, Ahmad S, et al. Students' perceptions of the role of pharmacists in the healthcare system in Lahore, Pakistan. Trop J Pharm Res. 2018;17(4):687-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v17i4.18
For Books (print or online)
- Author AA. Title of book. # edition [if not first]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.
- Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2009. 541 p.
For Book Chapters (from edited print or e-book)
- Author AA, Author BB. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book. # edition. Place of Publication: Publisher; Year of publication. p. [page numbers of chapter].
- Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 1976. p. 165-78.
- Name of the Organisation. Title of the page. Date of Year of Publication [cited Day (DD) Month (in full) Year (YYYY)]. Available from: URL.
- United Nations Children's Fund. UNICEF Data: Monitoring the situation of children and women. 2019 [cited 08 August 2022]. Available from: https://data.unicef.org/topic/education/literacy/.
For additional information, authors are encouraged to consult the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals and review the Samples of Formatted References.