Volume 2
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Volume 2


Muhammad Ahmed Abdullah
Published online: 10 June 2023

Adolescence is the stage of life between ages 10 and 19, marking the journey from childhood to adulthood, and is considered the most critical time of human development. During this time, many significant physical, psychological, sexual, reproductive, and social changes occur, making it a critical phase of life. Despite the fact that approximately 21% of Pakistan's population consists of adolescents, the country currently lacks almost any policies focused on promoting adolescent health. Adolescents in Pakistan face significant challenges due to the lack of access to physical, mental, and sexual health services and limited opportunities for physical activity and recreation. Therefore, it is crucial to prioritize this population group's health and well-being to address these pressing concerns by employing a holistic approach so that young people can be empowered to make informed decisions.

Original Article

Sung Seek Moon
Published online: 31 December 2023

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasingly prevalent, especially among African American older adults. Despite its widespread nature, accurate and timely diagnosis of AD remains challenging. Addressing the research gap in sociodemographic and cardiovascular risk factor research associated with AD in African American older adults, this study aimed to identify and analyze distinct subgroups within this population that are particularly vulnerable to AD, thereby contributing to the development of targeted interventions and healthcare strategies. This study employs a rigorous methodology utilizing classification and regression tree (CART) analysis to examine data from the 2017 Uniform Data Set (UDS). This approach enables a nuanced analysis of AD susceptibility among African American older adults. The CART analysis revealed significant associations between the studied sociodemographic and cardiovascular risk factors and AD susceptibility among African American older adults. The results indicate the presence of specific subgroups with increased vulnerability to AD, shaped by varying levels of education [relative importance (RI): 100%], antidepressant usage (RI: 83.1%), BMI (RI: 71.2%), use of antipsychotic agents (RI: 35.5%), and age of smoking cessation (RI: 21.5%). These findings underscore the importance of culturally specific research and interventions for addressing AD among African Americans. This study's findings, revealing significant associations between sociodemographic and cardiovascular risk factors and AD susceptibility among African American older adults, underscore the necessity of developing healthcare policies and interventions specifically tailored to address these risks.